The cornerstone of Scandinavian design was laid around the 1950s (the term “Scandinavia” is used to describe these countries as a whole: Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland). At that time, the design was characterized by minimalism, functionalism and simplicity. The ideological underpinning was that everyday items should be intended not only for the rich and rich, but for everyone. Unfortunately, many models of this period have become quite expensive because of the high quality and cost of production.
Today, many Scandinavian furniture and other items of the 1950s are experiencing a renaissance. Some of today’s most famous designers and designers:
Arne Jacobsen. Arne Jacobsen was the architect of the Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen, Denmark, and designed everything from buildings to cutlery. An example of this is its design at the Royal SAS Radisson Hotel in Copenhagen. Here Arne Jacobsen also worked on interior design and produced such well-known furniture pieces as The Swan Chair and The Egg Chair.
Paul M. Voltaire was a furniture manufacturer and developed a large number of wooden furniture, which is best known in Denmark. Paul M. Voltaire is known around the world for his magnificent Corona chair.
Hans J. Wegner was also a furniture manufacturer. He later joined Arne Jacobsen and Eric Moeller. Later Wegner founded his own studio, where he mainly designed chairs. One of his most famous chairs is the Ox chair and the Y-Chair.
Paul Kjaerholm. Shortly after Paul Kierholm graduated as a furniture architect, his work became known. PK22 is Paul Kierholms’ most famous chair. This chair also won the prestigious Lunning Award in 1958.
Paul Henningsen studied to be an architect, but never finished. In fact, it never mattered. Today, Paul Henningsen is better known as PH and is known for his wide range of lamps such as Artichoke and Contrast lamp.
Werner Panton also worked as an architect for Arne Jacobsen. Werner Panton was an outsider of Scandinavian design in terms of color, shape and material. Werner Panton was very inspired by the new industrial production of the time and the use of this form of production in the design of furniture and other interiors. Today Werner Panton is best known for his Globe and Panthella lamps.
Kai Boyesen is a little different from most designers of the 50s, as he was neither an architect nor a furniture manufacturer, but a jeweler. However, today Kay Bojesen is mostly known for the production of wooden toys. Kai Boyesen is perhaps the only designer who has largely realized the functionalist vision of providing beautiful everyday items to everyone.